region United States
silhouette Medioline Semi-foreign
cut Small to medium
hair Short or mid-length
dress All dresses allowed
eyes All colors allowed
ear Curved inwards
tail From the length of the body to the shoulder
federation LOOF, CFA, ACFA, TICA, FIFe, WCF
The American Curl is a breed of cat originating in the United States. This small to medium sized cat is characterized by its curved ears.
The first specimen appeared in the United States in 1981 in Lakewood (California) with a young female with a black dress called "Shulamith" with ears curved backwards. This peculiarity is due to a spontaneous genetic mutation. In 1983, Shulamith was brought to a cat show for the first time. In 1987, the TICA recognized the breed in its semi-long haired version. In 1993, it was the CFA which recognized the breed in short and medium-long hair. In France, the breed was officially recognized in 1985 and the first male was born in March 1988. The breed being still recent, it is poorly represented (about 3000 subjects worldwide).
The American curl is generally described as a playful, discreet, intelligent, sometimes reckless cat, attached to its owners and also sociable with its congeners. These character traits remain however perfectly individual and are functions of the history of each cat.